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Each of us have had at least one person we have hated during our lives. It matters little whether the rift occurred as a child, in adolescence or when already an adult. Now YOU, the reader, think about that person. Have you fixed them in your mind together with the bad recollections? As a result you want to put as much distance as possible between yourself and this person. Now imagine that you die of natural causes and your mother, yes your mother, well knowing of this great animosity, decides to bury you alongside this terrible person in the same coffin. Your remains are now for ever attached and mixed with them for all eternity. To make things worse, their name will be inscribed on the tomb first with many lines dedicated to their memory, while your name will appear in small letters with only three lines given to your memory.....



On 15th December 2021, a new type of work of art was created in the art world. The new word does not exist in the Italian language. "RITROGRAFIA' is formed by combining the words “RITR-atto” (PORTRAIT) and “bi-OGRAFIA” (BIOGRAPHY). The ambition is to gain recognition and the consequent inclusion in the Treccani Knowledge Portal. A work of art was signed by Sgarbi and Ariano coining the new word represented in the title "RITROGRAFIA".


Maestro Illu Minato presented Sgarbi his RITROGRAFIA no.1 entitled "IMMORTALI" (IMMORTALS), created to celebrate the history of the Cavallini-Sgarbi Family. It is a portrait, according to Ariano's vision, of the main events experienced by the Cavallini-Sgarbi Family using autographed letters, first edition books, accessories and objects intimately linked to the tastes and memories of Rina and Bruno Cavallini, Nino, Elisabetta and Vittorio Sgarbi. This work, signed by Elisabetta and Vittorio, also bears the autograph, together with the compliments, of Pupi Avati, director of the magnificent film "Lei mi parla ancora".

Title of RITROGRAFIA no. 2:

"The true tomb of Baudelaire. You'll never reach 2.000.000, not even with Sgarbi. A walk with Baudelaire vers l’Azur"

Typology: RITROGRAFIA Width 350 cm Height 270 cm Depth 70 cm

  • 06 02 2022, 3.39 p.m.: Presentation of RITROGRAFIA no. 2 to the “Coordinamento mostre Lo Stato dell'Arte”, for exhibition selection "ARTISTI D'ITALIA", Monza, Villa Reale, Italy.
  • 10 02 2022, 12.38 p.m.: RITROGRAFIA no. 2 was REJECTED by “Coordinamento mostre Lo Stato dell'Arte”.
  • 10 02 2022, 6 p.m.: The rejection e-mail was printed, partially burned and nailed to the RITROGRAFIA no.2 next to the original 1863 letter announcing the creation of the Salon des Refusés. Edouard Manet's 'Le Déjeuner sur l'herbe' was also rejected in 1863, so a letter written and signed by Edouard Manet is also attached to RITROGRAFIA no 2.
  • 11 02 2022, 11.30 p.m.: RITROGRAFIA no.2 was RE-ENSTATED, by Prof. Vittorio Sgarbi, curator of the "ARTISTI D'ITALIA" exhibition, please see the video-clip by Sauro Moretti.
  • 16 02 2022, 09.27 a.m.: MAIL - "Your work has been officially RE-ENSTATED by curator Vittorio Sgarbi to take part in the 'Artisti d'Italia' exhibition at Villa Reale in Monza."

Preface no. 1 on the title of the RITROGRAFIA no.2

Many Italian museum directors have contacted me and some of them have visited me personally in my office to ask me to exhibit my first RITROGRAFIE in their museums. I declined, explaining that I had already made a commitment with Vittorio Sgarbi and I intended to respect it. One of them, not happy with my reply, asked me at the end of an interview which lasted about 3 hours:
Him: “How many visitors do you think your exhibition will attract?”
Me: “2.000.000”
Me: "Why not?"
Him: "Do you know which exhibition has the highest number of visitors?"
Me: “No”
Him: "It was the Tutankhamen exhibition with 1.400.000 visitors. You don't think you're going to top Tutankhamun, do you?"
Me:"But would you even take away from me my the dream of succeeding? I've created "The True Tomb of Baudelaire", I've produced 15 RITROGRAFIE for each of my 15 discoveries on Van Gogh. Moreover I'm creating another work based on the only original signature, in private hands, of Johanna Van Gogh Bonger (Van Gogh sister in law) who was the first real “influencer in history”, who made Vincent famous.” Do you know who it depends on, to reach 2.000.000?”
Lui: "Who?"
Me: "It will only depend on me and the works I create"
Him: "Maybe you can have your dream, but I'll tell you again, YOU WILL NEVER REACH 2.000.000 VISITORS, NOT EVEN WITH SGARBI!"

Preface no. 2 on the title of the RITROGRAFIA no.2

Charles Pierre Baudelaire was born in Paris on 9th April 1821, into a good family, from the second marriage of Joseph-François Baudelaire, a former Senate official and an extremely cultured man. In 1827, at the age of six, Charles was orphaned when is father died in his sixties. Evil entered into his life in the name of Commandant Jacques Aupick. After twenty months of widowhood, his PUTTANA "NON-MOTHER" Caroline remarried the cold and rigid military man. Unceremoniously, Aupick a noisy, strict, stubborn man, settled into the Baudelaires' home and life. Something broke in the soul of the shy boy. The absolute intimacy that bound him to his PUTTANA "NON-MOTHER" disappeared forever. A fierce and continuous hatred was born inside of him for Aupick, the destroyer, accused by Baudelaire of the worst infamy. Charles was soon distanced from his PUTTANA "NON-MOTHER" and he passed through a sad series of boarding schools and colleges, where he received a bourgeois education in order to replicate their way of life.

Charles disappointed everyone, he wanted to be a man of letters, a fact percived as a devil, a murderer, a thief in that mediocre bourgeois-military world. To get him away from Paris, but above all to stifle in him that fatal vocation for literature, he was enlisted into the army and sent to the Indies, but the “ALBATROS” interrupted the journey, returning to Paris in 1842. His father's inheritance awaited him. Life should have been Paradise. Instead it was Hell. Rather than literature, he devoted himself to an intense bohemian lifestyle, increasingly attracted to women and the antiquarian Arondel, the great tempter. The passion for antiques he inherited from his father exploded into crazy spending: furniture, old paintings, fakes, rare books, prints and lunches with friends and girlfriends.

The family, frightened by all this madness, obtained his disqualification from the civil court. The notary Ancelle, another Aupick, was appointed as guardian: he was entrusted with the task of protecting the remaining inherited assets and he did so until the end. This was the worst moment of Baudelaire’s life, he had no more money left and he was forced into a sad existence, hiding from his increasingly demanding creditors.

His letters to his PUTTANA "NON-MOTHER" are full of arguments about money:
"I absolutely need three hundred francs by Wednesday";
"I couldn't deliver the work because the manuscripts are in a boarding house where I haven't paid";
"I beg you, think about the judicial council. It has consumed me for seventeen years. You would not believe or understand the pain it has caused me".
Useless pleas, until his death. But his fortune was safe: Ancelle knew how to do his job, money first: supreme hypocrisy. The "cursed" poet of the "Les Fleurs du mal" died oppressed, in misery.
His PUTTANA "NON-MOTHER" never visited him, ignoring his requests, probably on Aupick's orders.
In 1845 he tried to commit suicide, but he survived. Shortly before, he had written a farewell letter to Jeanne Duval about the smell of her hair, and the fact that he wanted to eat it
In 1848 he took part in the Parisian revolutionary uprisings by climbing onto the insurrectionist barricades himself, shouting 'We must go and shoot General Aupick' (his stepfather).
In 1867 he died of syphilis and his PUTTANA "NON-MOTHER" buried him together with his hated stepfather for all eternity.

Description of the RITROGRAFIA no.2

Most human beings have not had the privilege of having a tomb. Baudelaire represents an exceptional and unique case. He is the only person to have had two tombs, quite distinct and completely 'unconnected' to each other, both in terms of form and the reasons for which they were created. The question is: which is the real one? The third one! Which will give him peace. In the year 2021, on the occasion of the bicentenary of the birth of Charles Pierre Baudelaire, I felt the irresistable urge, almost a boiling of the blood within my veins, to create, through my RITROGRAFIA no.2, a work entitled "The REAL Tomb of Baudelaire. You will never reach 2,000,000, not even with Sgarbi. A Walk with Baudelaire towards L'Azur".

I have created the NEST that the immortal “ALBATROS” has always sought, unsuccessfully, in his forty residences and in death, usually a "source of salvation", capable of giving peace, especially to the most troubled souls. For Baudelaire this did not happen. The damage suffered marked the beginning of the most serious post-mortem injustice in the history of art. A true mockery, rapture of the soul.

Let’s begin with the ending. At the moment, 2022, there are two tombs in honour of Baudelaire. The first tomb holds his remains placed next to the body of his hated stepfather Aupick and was created by his PUTTANA "NON-MOTHER", who dedicated only three lines to him, without reference either to his biological father or to his quality as a poet. The second tomb is a Cenotaph designed in 1892 and built in 1902 by José de Charmoy, on the initiative of the Comité pour ériger un monument à Charles Baudelaire, in which Auguste Rodin took part in, but later abandoned. In the first tomb, Baudelaire, because of the severe juxtaposition imposed on him against his will, has been turning in his grave for the last 150 years. In the second, the poet is only mentioned in name only, but there is nothing there that really represents him.

With this RITROGRAFIA no.2, I intend ideally, to liberate both the memory and the spirit of Charles. In the work, Baudelaire is represented by an autographed letter kept inside a small safety-box. There are only two keys, one in my hands, the other hidden inside the work. The letter, dated 1863 and adressed to Mario Uchard, has interesting references to Edgar Allan Poe, the article Le Peintre de la vie moderne and the collection Poème en Prose. The latter book was published posthumously in 1869. A rare copy no. 111 is attached to this RITROGRAFIA no.2.

At the centre of the work I have placed an original watercolour by Constantin Guys, the most beloved artist of Baudelaire. Syphilis, a 19th century drama, is represented by 2 planches from the book TRAITE' COMPLET des MALADIES VENERIENNES by Dr Philippe Ricord, surrounded respectively by a male chastity belt and by a nest made of female human hair, evoking the emotions of "Un hémisphère dans une chevelure". The special marble bottle containing the precious VINO ERECTUS is a tribute to the poem "L'AME DU VIN".

At the rear of the RITROGRAFIA no.2, as is my custom, I have hidden some very rare letters, autographs, visiting cards and other objects belonging to his real father, Joseph Baudelaire, the PUTTANA "NON-MOTHER" and 165 other well-known personalities, linked to Baudelaire's life, including artists, actors, journalists, writers and friends. Among these original signatures we can find Edouard Manet, Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve, Richard Wagner, Eugene Delacroix, J.B.C. Corot, J.F. Millet, Gustave Flaubert, Emile Zola, Goncourt, Dumas Pere et Fils, Ary Scheffer, W.M. Thackeray, Vivant-Denon, Lorenzo Bartolini, P.A. Fiorentino, Costantin Guys, Nadar, Theophile Gautier, Auguste Clesinger, Paul Delaroche, Honore Daumier, Alexandre Cabanel, Ernest Christophe, L.E. Lami, P. Gavarni, J. Franceschi, Alfred de Vigny, Victor Hugo, etc. A special place has been reserved at the bottom of the work for those responsible for the worst misdeeds. As Charles suggested, 'J'ai offert un paquet d'excréments' to those eleven persons, 'mauvais poète', who will pick up his halo 'impudemment' from the mud. I have created eleven haloes made of manure that contain their original signatures. These 'great men' are Jacques Pierre Abbatucci, Jacques Aupick, Adolphe Billault, Gustave Bourdin, Ferdinand Brunetiere, Edouard Drumont, Achille Fould, Charles duc Morny, Ernest Pinard, Auguste Rodin and Z.Z.Z.

All the above is in order to restore dignity to a right that has been violated. A right that was his, his alone and which three "inhuman" beings decided to revoke just because of his lifestyle. In fact half the inheritance of his father's estate was still intact and it was all his. But no. A military man, a notary and a PUTTANA "NON-MOTHER" decided that he should be disqualified.

He was not a cursed poet. Cursed is their consideration of money. Simple pieces of paper invented by people who imposed, on the community, that insignificant numbers, written on them, should be worth as a new counterpart to find the things necessary for life.

In this economic system, created by despicable beings, wealth of spirit, sensitivity, ability, creativity, originality or being proudly different counted for nothing. No: all that counts is having pieces of paper with numbers written on them. As proof of this, I have included in the RITROGRAFIA no.2 the original copy typed by the notary Ancelle, from the will of Charles's PUTTANA "NON-MOTHER". For the first time in the world, it is being made public and its content has been translated into Italian and english, thanks to Milena and Benjamin. The translation allows us to truly understand the degree of meanness of the PUTTANA "NON-MOTHER". The will is full of hints bordering on greed, sometimes it is ridiculous.

As always I was inspired by Cesare Pavese during the creation of my RITROGRAFIE and I recall he wrote: 'Mortal man, Leucò, has only this immortal thing. The recollection he bears and the recollection he leaves behind. Names and words are this. In front of recollection they smile too, resigned...".

Now the rights have been fully restored to Charles. I invite you to share this eternal walk with Baudelaire vers l'Azur, finally at rest and in good company. Today, having invested in ART twice as much money as I DIDN’T HAVE, this RITROGRAFIA no.2 will belong to ETERNITY. Not in marble, but in the warm wood of this thousand-year-old tree. I love what I have created and I want to give it to the world, present and future.

Franco Ariano Maestro Illu Minato


Voici mes dernières volontés:

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Je confie l’execution de mes dernières volontés à Monsieur ANCELLE, ancien notaire, demeurant à Neuilly, je le nomme à cet effet mon exécuteur testamentaire, le priant de diriger toutes les affaires de ma succession avec les droits les plus étendus et notamment la saisine dans les termes de la loi pour faire respecter mes dispositions sans qu’aucun obstacle puisse lui être opposé. Mes dispositions nécessitent le concours d’un exécuteur testamentaire: je dois prévoir le cas où Monsieur ANCELLE par prédècès ou autrement ne pourrait remplir les fonctions.

A son défaut j’ai pensé à mon ami, Monsieur EMON qui par amitié pour moi, ferait des efforts pour faire respecter scrupuleusement mes dernières intentions, mais à cause de son âge, et les soins à prendre lui étant moins familiers qu’à Monsieur ANCELLE, je craindrais de le soumettre à une trop grande épreuve en le désignant. Je nomme donc à défaut de Monsieur ANCELLE, Monsieur DESMARAIS, notaire en ce moment à Honfleur dont je n’ai eu qu’à me louer dépuis que j’habite cette ville, et qui m’a donné des preuves d’amitié dont je suis profondément reconnaissante.

Enfin de Monsieur ANCELLE et de Monsieur DESMARAIS, je désigne pour exécuteur testamentaire le notaire qui à mon décès sera titulaire de l’étude ici à Honfleur, gérée en ce moment par M. DESMARAIS et qui deviendrait son successeur. Le titre de successeur de MM. ANCELLE et DESMARAIS appelé à être mon exécuteur testamentaire et l’honorabilité de la fonction de notaire, me donne la confiance que ce notaire ferait exécuter religieusement mes volontés. La substitution d’un exécuteur testamentaire à un autre aura lieu soit à mon décès avant que la fonctionne soit prise et acceptée, soit au cours de l’exécution testamentaire dans le cas où celui qui l’aurait accepté viendrait à manquer. Si je meurs ici à Honfleur, ma dépouille mortelle devra être transportée à Paris dans la tombe où reposent mon mari, le Général AUPICK et mon fils, Charles BAUDELAIRE, cimetière du Montparnasse. Je désire que cette tombe soit entretenue, et cet effet, je lègue sur ma succession à la Fabrique Saint Sulpice, qui était la paroisse de mon mari, le capital nécessaire pour acheter une rente de 50 frs en 3% à la charge par elle, la Fabrique, d’entretenir à perpépuité cette tombe et sans jamais être tenue d’y dépenser l’excédent de la rente de 50 frs. Je dispense la Fabrique de tous droits et frais pour ce legs.

Je prie M. DESMARAIS de donner à ma mort 500 frs ici aux pauvres. Je le prie également de prendre sur ma succession de quoi fournir pendant trois ans un beau lot de 100 frs à la loterie des Salles d’Asile. Je le prie de faire dire pour mon fils Ch.BAUDELAIRE et pour moi par l’Abbé GAILLARD de l’Hospice ou à son défaut par un autre prêtre deux messes par mois pendant trois ans, consacrer à ces messes, la somme de 72 frs. par mois (trois frs. par messe). Je

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m’adresse à M.DESMARAIS pour ces soins, comme étant de la localité.

Ayant eu le malheur de perdre mon fils bien-aimé, je n’ai plus d’héritier direct. MM. LEVAILLANT, mes trois cousins , n’étant pas mariés et étant arrivés à un âge avancé je ne crois pas devoir les instituer mes héritiers, mais je veux constater ici, que j’ai toujours été avec eux dans de très bon rapports et qu’ils m’ont toujours témoigné une affection qui ne s’est jamais démentie. Je compte leur laisser à chacun un souvenir de ma tendre amitié.

Ma fortune sera divisée après moi en trois parts: l’une pour Monsieur EMON qui était l’ami dévoué de mon mari et qui n’a pas cessé depuis mon veuvage de me combler de soins et d’attentions. L’autre pour M.ANCELLE qui, depuis 25 ans, m’a rendu d’immenses services ainsi qu’à mon fils; enfin la troisième partie sera pour Madame Veuve BAUDELAIRE, qui jouiera en outre de la rente de 900 frs qui appartenait à son mari Alphonse BAUDELAIRE et qui lui revient de droit. Je lègue à Aimée FALAISE qui m’a servie fidèlement pendant 10 ans la somme de huit mille francs exempte de tous droits de mutation mais elle ne profitera de ce legs qu’au cas où elle serait avec moi jusqu’à mort. Je lui donne en outre une montre en or, si elle n’en avait pas à cette époque avec une chaine, imitation chaine mexicaine qu’on trouvera dans mes bijoux. Je lui donne en autre sa chambre, chambre complète: lit, commode, trois paires de drap en caliquot, trois taies d’oreiller, une douzaine de serviettes à litos rouges, une douzaine de torchons, deux couverts en composition imitation l’argent, deux petites cuillèures, quelques ustensiles de cuisine (non en cuivre).

Je donne à Madame BAUDELAIRE, mes cinq couverts en argent, la cuillère à potage, les seuls que j’ai en argent, les autres étant en composition feront partie de la succession. Je lui donne toute ma garde-robe, mes bijoux, châles, fourrures, dentelles, l’engageant à remettre à Aimée ce qui ne serait pas son gré. Tout ce que je désigne devoir appartenir à Madame BAUDELAIRE sera en dehors et en plus de sa part dans la succession. Je lui donne tout mon linge de maison à l’exception d’un beau service damassé que Madame EMON avait choisi et acheté pour moi quand j’étais à Constantinople, je suis bien aise de le lui offrir.

Je lègue à la ville de Gravelines où mon mari a passé sa jeunesse, ayant été élevé et adopté par M. BAUDART, son beau buste en marbre, les gravelinois ayant conservé un très bon souvenir de lui à tel point qu’ils ont donné le nom d’AUPICK à une des rues de leur ville. Je lègue à mon cousin le Général LEVAILLANT aîné qui habite SIZANNES (Marne) tous les volumes parus de la correspondance de l’Empereur Napoléon Ier reliés magnifiquement en maroquin rouge.

Je lègue à mon cousin Charles LEVAILLANT, Général de Division, une boite de pistolets que la Duchesse d’Orléans avait donné à mon mari comme un souvenir du Prince qui avait pour lui beaucoup d’affection. Ces pistolets avaient appartenu au Prince. Je donne à Monsieur DESMARAIS les vins et liqueurs qui sont dans mon caveau, le portrait en miniature du Duc d’Orléans fait par Madame de MIRBEL que l’on trouvera sur le bureau de mon mari.

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Je donne à Madame DESMARAIS ma montre ancienne avec sa châtelaine et une petite paire de ciseaux en composition destinés à être attachés à la châtelaine. Je ferai connaitre plus tard dans un codicille les souvenirs et cadeaux que je veux laisser à des amis mais craignant d’être surprise par la mort, je vais sans tarder apposer ici ma signature, mais non sans témoigner à MM. EMON et ANCELLE ma reconnaissance pour l’affection qu’ils m’ont témoignée pendant tant d’années.

Fait à Honfleur, en plaine santé, avec toute ma raison, ce vingt sept mars mil huit cent soixante neuf. Signé : Caroline DUFAYS, Vve en Premières Noces de Joseph François BAUDELAIRE, et en deuxièmes Noces du Général de Division AUPICK.


Je viens ajouter à mon testament ces dispositions: M. EMON en mémoire de son vieil ami le Général AUPICK, et en mémoire aussi de moi devra conserver précieusement ses portraits; le grand cadre renfermant ses décorations (un don de lui, M. EMON) le petit cadre en marbre noir où est enfermé la balle qui a été extraite du genou de mon mari en 1837, qu’on trouvera sur la cheminée du cabinet de travail du Général. Je lui donne aussi les deux coquilles qui sont également sur cette même cheminée. Je prie Madame BAUDELAIRE de conserver le portrait de Monsieur BAUDELAIRE père, peint par RENAUD. Celui de M. BOUDARD, père adoptif du Général devra retourner dans la famille MILOT WANTE, AUDIBERT; je charge M. EMON de ce soin; comme étant en relation avec ces personnes. Je donne à M. Charles ASSELINEAU les trois portraits encadrés de mon fils qu’il donnera à des amis de Ch.BAUDELAIRE. Je prie Madame BAUDELAIRE de conserver celui où il est en collégien, le cadre est dans mon cabinet de toilette en pendant d’un cadre où le Général est dessiné en casquette, n’étant que Colonel.

Signé: G. Vve AUPICK, Vve en premières noces de Joseph François BAUDELAIRE, en deuxièmes du Général AUPICK. Ce trois octobre, Honfleur, dix huit cent soixante neuf.

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J’ai une dette de reconnaissance vis à vis de M. Ch. ASSELINEAU auteur, ancien ami, tendrement attaché à mon fils, et qui fidèlement attaché à sa mémoire, a édité ses oeuvres, avec le plus grand soin et a fait un livre bien bien précieux intitulé Charles BAUDELAIRE, Sa vie et ses oeuvres. Je lui lègue comme souvenir de gratitude au nom de son ami, la somme de dix mille francs (somme exempte de tous droits de mutation).

Signé: C. AUPICK, Vve en Premières noces de Joseph François BAUDELAIRE, en deuxièmes noces du Général AUPICK. Honfleur ce Ier Janvier 1870.

J’avais dit plus haut que je ne laissais à mes trois cousins LEVAILLANT QUE des souvenirs d’amitiés, mais aujourd’hui, réfléchissant que le Commandant Jean LEVAILLANT, n’étant pas arrivé comme ses frères au grade de Général, se trouve avec une retraite modique, avoir une position peu aisée peut-être. Je viens dire ici que je veux que les héritiers de ma fortune que j’ai nommés ci-dessus: Mme BAUDELAIRE, M. EMON, M. ANCELLE, servent une rente viagère de 500 frs. sa vie durant au Commandant Jean Jacques LEVAILLANT mon cousin germain.

Ce 10 mars 1870 Signé: C. Vve AUPICK.


Mon fils Charles BAUDELAIRE, décédé en Août 1867 a laissé des dettes qui ne sont pas acquittées encore entièrement en ce mois de novembre 1870. Les affaires de la succession ayant trainées en longueur et n’étant pas encore terminées. Je suis préoccuppée de la pensée d’être surprise peut- être par la mort avant que ces dettes ne soient entièrement payées. M. ANCELLE doit avoir la liste des créanciers ,mais le malheur que M. ANCELLE soit par décès ou maladie n’ait pas laissé cette liste, on pourrait peut- être la trouver chez M. REYNAL son successeur, notaire numéro 10 rue Saint Ferdinand. Dans tous les cas voici quelques individus que je vais indiquer qui je sais n’ont pas été payés. Monsieur STEVENS, (Arthur) marchand de tableaux, père du peintre du même nom qui habitait Bruxelles quand j’y suis allée en 1866 pour soigner mon fils. Il demeurait ainsi que nous à l’hôtel du Grand miroir, rue de la Montagne. Il lui est dû 800 frs.

Mon fils Charles BAUDELAIRE, décédé en Août 1867 a laissé des dettes qui ne sont pas acquittées encore entièrement en ce mois de novembre 1870. Les affaires de la succession ayant trainées en longueur et n’étant pas encore terminées. Je suis préoccuppée de la pensée d’être surprise peut- être par la mort avant que ces dettes ne soient entièrement payées. M. ANCELLE doit avoir la liste des créanciers ,mais le malheur que M. ANCELLE soit par décès ou maladie n’ait pas laissé cette liste, on pourrait peut- être la trouver chez M. REYNAL son successeur, notaire numéro 10 rue Saint Ferdinand. Dans tous les cas voici quelques individus que je vais indiquer qui je sais n’ont pas été payés. Monsieur STEVENS, (Arthur) marchand de tableaux, père du peintre du même nom qui habitait Bruxelles quand j’y suis allée en 1866 pour soigner mon fils. Il demeurait ainsi que nous à l’hôtel du Grand miroir, rue de la Montagne. Il lui est dû 800 frs.

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Maxime DUCAMP a tour, il lui est dû eviron 500 frs. SERVAIS, encadreur de tableaux, je ne sais pas combien il lui est dû. Il faudrait s’en informer. Je prie instamment mon exécuteurs testamentaire de faire une scrupuleuse recherche à cet égard. Ils trouveront ici l’expression de ma reconnaissance pour le service rendu à la memoire de mon fils bien-aimé.

Fait le 3 Novembre 1870 C. AUPICK Vve en Premières noces de J. François BAUDE- LAIRE et en deuxièmes noces du Général AUPICK.



Ecco le mie ultime volontà:

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Affido l'esecuzione delle mie ultime volontà al signor ANCELLE, vecchio notaio, residente a Neuilly, lo nomino a tal fine mio esecutore testamentario, chiedendogli di gestire tutti gli affari della mia successione con i più ampi diritti e in particolare il rinvio nei termini di legge per fare rispettare le mie disposizioni senza che nessun ostacolo possa essergli opposto. Le mie disposizioni necessitano il concorso di un esecutore testamentario: devo prevedere il caso in cui il Sig. ANCELLE per premorienza o altrimenti non possa assolvere le funzioni.

In sua assenza ho pensato al mio amico, il signor EMON, che, per amicizia nei miei confronti, avrebbe fatto ogni sforzo per far sì che le mie ultime volontà fossero scrupolosamente rispettate, ma a causa della sua età, e del fatto che le iniziative da prendere gli sono meno familiari rispetto al signor ANCELLE, avrei avuto paura di sottoporlo a una prova troppo grande nominandolo. Nomino quindi, come vice di Monsieur ANCELLE, Monsieur DESMARAIS, notaio in questo momento a Honfleur, del quale non ho ricevuto che lodi da quando vivo in questa città, e che mi ha dato prove di amicizia delle quali sono profondamente riconoscente.

Infine, dei signori ANCELLE e DESMARAIS, nomino come esecutore testamentario il notaio che, alla mia morte, sarà il titolare dell'ufficio qui a Honfleur, attualmente gestito dal signor DESMARAIS e che diventerà il suo successore. Il titolo di successore dei signori ANCELLE e DESMARAIS, che sarà il mio esecutore testamentario, e l'onorabilità della posizione di notaio, mi danno la fiducia che questo notaio eseguirà religiosamente le mie volontà. La sostituzione di un esecutore testamentario con un altro avverrà sia alla mia morte prima che la funzione sia presa e accettata, sia nel corso dell'esecuzione del testamento nel caso in cui colui che l’avesse accettata venisse a mancare. Se muoio qui a Honfleur, le mie spoglie mortali dovranno essere trasportate a Parigi nella tomba dove riposano mio marito il generale AUPICK e mio figlio, Charles BAUDELAIRE, nel cimitero di Montparnasse. Desidero che questa tomba sia mantenuta, e a questo scopo lascio in eredità alla Fabrique Saint Sulpice, che era la parrocchia di mio marito, il capitale necessario per acquistare una rendita di 50 frs al 3%, a carico della Fabrique, per mantenere questa tomba in perpetuo e senza mai essere obbligata a spendere l'eccesso della rendita di 50 frs. Esonero la Fabrique da tutti i diritti e le spese per questa eredità.

Io prego il signor DESMARAIS di dare qui 500 frs ai poveri alla mia morte. Gli chiedo anche di prendere dal mio patrimonio abbastanza per fornire per tre anni un bel lotto di 100 frs per la lotteria delle sale d'asilo. Gli chiedo di far dire a mio figlio Ch.BAUDELAIRE e a me due messe al mese per tre anni dall'Abate GAILLARD dell'Ospizio o, in sua assenza, da un altro sacerdote, e di dedicare a queste messe la somma di 72 frs. al mese (tre frs. per messa).

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Mi rivolgo al signor DESMARAIS per queste incombenze, essendo della zona.

Avendo avuto la sfortuna di perdere il mio amato figlio, non ho più un erede diretto. I signori LEVAILLANT, miei tre cugini, non essendo sposati e avendo raggiunto un'età avanzata, non credo di doverli nominare come miei eredi, ma voglio notare qui che sono sempre stata in ottimi rapporti con loro e che mi hanno sempre dimostrato un affetto che non è mai venuto meno. Intendo lasciare a ciascuno di loro un ricordo della mia tenera amicizia.

La mia fortuna sarà divisa dopo di me in tre parti: una per il signor EMON che era l'amico devoto di mio marito e che non ha cessato di ricoprirmi di cure e attenzioni dalla mia vedovanza. L'altra per M. ANCELLE che, per 25 anni, ha reso immensi servizi a me e a mio figlio; infine la terza parte sarà per Madame vedova BAUDELAIRE, che godrà in più della rendita di 900 frs che apparteneva a suo marito Alphonse BAUDELAIRE e che le spetta di diritto. Lascio in eredità ad Aimée FALAISE che mi ha servito fedelmente per 10 anni la somma di ottomila franchi esente da qualsiasi tassa di trasferimento, ma beneficerà di questo lascito solo se resterà con me fino alla mia morte. Le regalo anche un orologio d'oro, se non ne avesse già uno in quel momento, con una catena, un'imitazione della catena messicana, che si troverà nella mia gioielleria. Le do anche la sua stanza, una stanza completa: letto, cassettiera, tre paia di lenzuola di caliquot, tre federe, una dozzina di asciugamani rossi, una dozzina di strofinacci, due coperti di posate d'imitazione d'argento, due cucchiaini, alcuni utensili da cucina (non di rame).

Cedo a Madame BAUDELAIRE, i miei cinque coperti d'argento, il cucchiaio da minestra, le uniche che ho in argento, le altre essendo in composizione faranno parte della successione. Le do tutto il mio guardaroba, i miei gioielli, gli scialli, le pellicce, i pizzi, impegnandola a consegnare ad Aimée ciò che non vuole. Tutto ciò che designo come appartenente a Madame Baudelaire sarà al di fuori e in aggiunta alla sua quota di eredità. Le do tutta la mia biancheria di casa ad eccezione di un bel servizio damascato che Madame EMON aveva scelto e comprato per me quando ero a Costantinopoli, sono molto felice di darglielo.

Lascio in eredità alla città di Gravelines dove mio marito ha trascorso la sua giovinezza, essendo stato allevato e adottato dal signor BAUDART, il suo bel busto in marmo, gli abitanti di Gravelines avendo conservato un ottimo ricordo di lui a tal punto che hanno intitolato una delle strade della loro città a AUPICK. Lascio in eredità a mio cugino il generale LEVAILLANT, il più anziano, che vive a SIZANNES (Marna), tutti i volumi pubblicati della corrispondenza dell'imperatore Napoleone Primo rilegati magnificamente in pelle rossa.

Lascio in eredità a mio cugino Charles LEVAILLANT, maggiore generale, una scatola di pistole che la duchessa d'Orleans aveva dato a mio marito come ricordo del principe, che aveva un grande affetto per lui. Queste pistole erano appartenute al principe.

Regalo al signor DESMARAIS i vini e i liquori che si trovano nella mia cantina, il ritratto in miniatura del duca d'Orleans fatto da Madame de MIRBEL che si troverà sulla scrivania di mio marito.

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Consegno alla signora DESMARAIS il mio vecchio orologio con la sua catenina e un piccolo paio di forbici in composizione destinate ad essere attaccate alla catena. Farò conoscere in seguito con un codicillo i ricordi e i regali che voglio lasciare agli amici, ma temendo di essere sorpresa dalla morte, appongo qui la mia firma senza indugio, ma non senza testimoniare ai signori EMON e ANCELLE la mia gratitudine per l'affetto che mi hanno dimostrato per tanti anni. Fatto a Honfleur, in buona salute, con tutta la mia ragione, questo ventisette marzo milleottocentosessantanove.

Firmato: Caroline DUFAYS, vedova in prime nozze di Joseph François BAUDELAIRE, e in seconde nozze del generale AUPICK.


Ho appena aggiunto al mio testamento queste disposizioni: M. EMON in memoria del suo vecchio amico generale AUPICK, e anche in memoria di me, dovrà conservare preziosamente i suoi ritratti; il grande quadro che racchiude le sue decorazioni (un regalo di lui, M. EMON) il piccolo quadro in marmo nero contenente la pallottola che fu estratta dal ginocchio di mio marito nel 1837, che si troverà sulla mensola del camino dello studio del generale. Gli do anche le due conchiglie che sono ugualmente su questo stesso camino. Prego Madame BAUDELAIRE di conservare il ritratto di Monsieur BAUDELAIRE père, dipinto da RENAUD. Quello di M. BOUDARD, padre adottivo del generale dovrà tornare nella famiglia MILOT NANFH, AUDISERT; incarico M. EMON di questa incombenza: essendo in relazione con queste persone. Consegno a M. Charles ASSELINEAU i tre ritratti incorniciati di mio figlio che regalerà agli amici di Ch.BAUDELAIRE. Chiedo a Madame BAUDELAIRE di conservare quello dove lui era collegiale, il quadro è nella mia toilette appeso ad un quadro dove il Generale è disegnato col berretto, essendo solo un Colonnello.

Firmato: G. Vedova AUPICK, Vedova in prime nozze di Joseph François BAUDELAIRE, in seconde del generale AUPICK. Il terzo giorno di ottobre, Honfleur, milleottocentosessantanove.

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Io ho un debito di gratitudine verso il signor Ch. ASSELINEAU, autore, vecchio amico, teneramente legato a mio figlio, e che fedelmente attaccato alla sua memoria, ha pubblicato le sue opere con la più grande cura e ha fatto un libro molto prezioso intitolato Charles BAUDELAIRE, Sa vie et ses oeuvres. Gli lascio in eredità, come ricordo di gratitudine in nome del suo amico, la somma di diecimila franchi (esente da ogni tassa di trasferimento).

Firmato: C. AUPICK, vedova in prime nozze di Joseph François BAUDELAIRE, in seconde nozze del generale AUPICK. Honfleur questo 1° gennaio 1870.

Avevo detto sopra che avrei lasciato ai miei tre cugini LEVAILLANT solo ricordi di amicizia, ma oggi, riflettendo che il comandante Jean LEVAILLANT, non essendo arrivato come i suoi fratelli al grado di generale, si trova con una pensione modesta, avendo una posizione forse non molto agiata. Vengo a dire qui che voglio che gli eredi della mia fortuna che ho nominato qui sopra: Mme BAUDELAIRE, M. EMON, M. ANCELLE, riconoscano una rendita vitalizia di 500 frs per tutta la sua vita al comandante Jean Jacques LEVAILLANT mio cugino di primo grado.

Il 10 marzo 1870     Firmato: C. Vedova AUPICK.


Mio figlio Charles BAUDELAIRE, morto nell'agosto 1867, ha lasciato debiti che non sono ancora stati quietanzati interamente in questo mese di novembre 1870. Gli affari della successione si sono prolungati e non sono ancora terminati. Mi preoccupa il pensiero di essere sorpresa forse dalla morte prima che questi debiti siano completamente pagati. Il signor ANCELLE deve avere la lista dei creditori, ma se sfortunatamente il signor ANCELLE non avesse lasciato questa lista, sia per decesso o malattia, la si potrebbe forse trovare presso il signor REYNAL suo successore, notaio al numero 10 di via Saint Ferdinand. In ogni caso ecco alcuni individui che indicherò e che io so non essere stati pagati. Il signor STEVENS, (Arthur) commerciante di quadri, padre dell'omonimo pittore che viveva a Bruxelles quando ci andai nel 1866 per curare mio figlio. Dimorava così come noi all' hotel du Grand miroir, rue de la Montagne. Gli sono dovuti 800 frs.

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Maxime DUCAMP, a sua volta, gli sono dovuti circa 500 frs. (GERVAIS?) SERVAIS, corniciaio, non so quanto gli sia dovuto. Bisognerebbe informarsi. Io esorto i miei esecutori testamentari a fare una ricerca scrupolosa in questo senso. Essi troveranno qui l'espressione della mia gratitudine per il servizio reso alla memoria del mio amato figlio.

Fatto il 3 novembre 1870

C. AUPICK Vedova in prime nozze di J François BAUDELAIRE e in seconde nozze del generale AUPICK.



Here is my last will and testament:

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I entrust the execution of my last wishes to Mr. ANCELLE, the renown notary, residing in Neuilly, I appoint him for the purpose of executor, asking him to manage all my affairs concering my succession with the widest rights and in particular the postponement within the terms of the law to enforce my dispositions without any obstacle being put in his way. My dispositions require the need of an executor: I must prepare for the possibility that Mr. Ancelle may die prematurly or otherwise be unable to perform his duties.

In his absence, I consider my friend Mr EMON, who, out of friendship for me, will make every effort to ensure that my last intentions were scrupulously respected, but because of his age, and the fact that the steps to be taken are less familiar to him than to Mr ANCELLE, I would be afraid to subject him to the trails of this appointment. I therefore appoint, as deputy to Monsieur ANCELLE, Monsieur DESMARAIS, notary at this moment in Honfleur, of whom I have heard nothing but praise since I have been living in this town, and who has given me proof of friendship for which I am deeply grateful.

So, I will choose on my death as my executor, whichever notary Mr. ANCELLE and Mr. DESMARAIS, is the owner of the office here in Honfleur, currently run by Mr DESMARAIS, who will become the successor. The title of successor to Mr. ANCELLE or Mr.DESMARAIS and the honourable position of notary, give me confidence that this notary will religiously execute my will. The replacement of one executor by another will take place either at my death before the function is taken and accepted, or during the execution of the will in the event of the death of the person who accepted it. If I die here in Honfleur, my mortal remains will have to be transported to Paris to the tomb where my husband, General AUPICK, and my son, Charles BAUDELAIRE, rest in the Montparnasse Cemetery. I wish this tomb to be maintained, and to this end, I bequeath to the Fabrique Saint Sulpice, which was my husband's parish, the capital necessary to acquire an annuity of 50 frs at 3%, payable by Fabrique, to maintain this tomb in perpetuity and without ever being obliged to spend the excess of the annuity of 50 frs. I exempt Fabrique from all rights and expenses in respect of this inheritance.

I ask Mr. DESMARAIS to immediatly donate on my death, 500 frs to the poor. I also ask him to take from my estate enough to provide for three years a nice amount of 100 frs for the nursery lottery. I ask him to have for myself and my son Ch.BAUDELAIRE two masses said a month for three years by Abbot GAILLARD of the Hospice or, in his absence, by another priest, and to dedicate the sum of 72 frs. a month (three frs. per mass) to these masses. I

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turn to Mr DESMARAIS for these matters, as he is from the area.

Having had the misfortune to lose my beloved son, I no longer have a direct heir. Mr. and Mrs. LEVAILLANT, my three cousins, not being married and having reached an advanced age, therefore I do not think I should name them as my heirs, but I wish to note here that I have always been on very good terms with them and that they have always shown me an affection that has never failed. I intend to leave each of them a memento of my tender friendship.

My fortune will be divided after, into three parts: one for Mr EMON who was my husband's devoted friend and who has not ceased to shower me with care and attention since my widowhood. The other for Mr. ANCELLE who, for 25 years, rendered immense services to me and my son; finally, the third part will be for Madame BAUDELAIRE, the widow, who will additionally enjoy the annuity of 900 frs which belonged to her husband Alphonse BAUDELAIRE and to which she is entitled by right. I bequeath to Aimée FALAISE who has served me faithfully for ten years the sum of eight thousand francs free of any transfer tax, but she will only benefit from this legacy if she remains with me until my death. I also give her a gold watch, if she doesn’t not have one at the time, with a chain, an imitation of the Mexican chain, which will be found in my jewellery box. I also give her, her complete room: bed, chest of drawers, three pairs of caliquot sheets, three pillowcases, a dozen red towels, a dozen tea towels, two sets of imitation silver cutlery, two teaspoons, some kitchen utensils (not made of copper).

I give to Madame BAUDELAIRE, my five silver place settings, the soup spoon, the only ones I have in silver, the other ones, being a set, will be part of the succession. I give her my entire wardrobe, my jewellery, shawls, furs, lace, committing her to hand over to Aimée what she does not want. Everything I designate as belonging to Madame Baudelaire will be outside of and in addition to her share of the inheritance. I give her all my household linen with the exception of a beautiful damask service which Madame EMON had chosen and bought for me when I was in Constantinople, I am very happy to give it to her.

I bequeath to the town of Gravelines, where my husband spent his youth, having been brought up and adopted by M. BAUDART, his beautiful marble bust, the inhabitants of Gravelines having kept such good memories of him that they have named one of the streets of their town after AUPICK. I bequeath to my cousin General LEVAILLANT, the elder, who lives in SIZANNES (Marne) all the published volumes of the correspondence of Emperor Napoleon I, beautifully bound in red leather.

I bequeath to my cousin Charles Levaillant, Major-General, a box of pistols that the Duchess of Orleans had given to my husband as a souvenir from the prince who had great affection for him. These pistols had belonged to the prince. I am giving M. DESMARAIS the wines and spirits that are in my cellar, the miniature portrait of the Duke of Orleans made by Madame de MIRBEL which will be on my husband's desk.

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I give Mrs. DESMARAIS my old watch with its chain and a small pair of scissors intended to be attached to the chain. I will later make known by codicilLE the mementos and gifts that I wish to leave to my friends, but fearing to be surprised by death, I affix my signature here without delay, but not without testifying to Mr. EMON and Mr. ANCELLE my gratitude for the affection that they have shown me for so many years.

Carried out at Honfleur, in good health, with all my faculties, this twenty-seventh day of March, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-nine. Signed: Caroline DUFAYS, widow in first marriage to Joseph François BAUDELAIRE, and in second marriage to General AUPICK.


I have just added these provisions to my will: MR. EMON, in memory of his old friend General AUPICK, and also in memory of me, must maintain his portraits in excellent condition; the large picture containing his decorations (a gift from him, M. EMON) the small black marble picture containing the bullet that was extracted from my husband's knee in 1837, which will be on the mantelpiece in the General's study. I also give him the two shells that are also on this same mantelpiece. I beg Madame BAUDELAIRE to cherish the portrait of Monsieur BAUDELAIRE père, painted by RENAUD. The portrait of Mr. BOUDARD, the General's adoptive father will have to be returned to the MILOT NANFH, AUDISERT family; I charge M. EMON with this task; as he is related to these people. I give Mr. Charles ASSELINEAU three framed portraits of my son, which he will give to Ch. BAUDELAIRE's friends. I ask Madame BAUDELAIRE to keep the one when he was a boarder, the picture is in my dressing room hanging on a painting where the General is drawn with his cap, being only a Colonel.

Signed: G. widow AUPICK, in first marriage to Joseph François BAUDELAIRE, in second marriage to General AUPICK. The third day of October, Honfleur, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-nine.

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I owe a debt of gratitude to Mr Ch. ASSELINEAU, author, old friend, who was tenderly attached to my son, and who faithfully attached himself to his memory, published his works with the greatest care and edited a very valuable book entitled Charles BAUDELAIRE, Sa vie et ses oeuvres. I bequeath to him, as a token of gratitude on behalf of his friend, the sum of ten thousand francs (exempt from all transfer taxes).

Signed: C. AUPICK, widow in first marriage to Joseph François BAUDELAIRE, in second marriage to General AUPICK. Honfleur this 1st January 1870.

I had said above that I would leave my three cousins LEVAILLANT only memories of friendship, but today, reflecting on the fact that Commander Jean LEVAILLANT, not having reached the rank of general like his brothers, finds himself with a modest pension, having a not very wealthy position perhaps. I come to say here that I want the heirs of my fortune whom I have named above: Mme BAUDELAIRE, M. EMON, M. ANCELLE, to grant a life annuity of 500 frs for his entire life to Commander Jean Jacques LEVAILLANT my first cousin.

10th March 1870 Signed: C. widow AUPICK.


My son Charles BAUDELAIRE, who died in August 1867, left debts which have not yet been fully discharged in this month of November 1870. The business of the succession has dragged on and on and is not yet finished. I am preoccupied with the thought of perhaps being surprised by death before these debts are fully paid. Mr. ANCELLE must have the list of creditors, but if unfortunately Mr. ANCELLE had not left this list, either because of death or illness, it could perhaps be found with Mr. REYNAL his successor, notary at 10 rue Saint Ferdinand. In any case, here are some individuals whom I shall indicate and who I know have not been paid. Mr. STEVENS, (Arthur) dealer in paintings, father of the painter of the same name who was living in Brussels when I went there in 1866 to look after my son. He was staying with us at the Hotel du Grand miroir, rue de la Montagne. He is owed 800 frs.

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Maxime DUCAMP, in turn, is owed about 500 frs. SERVAIS, framer, I do not know how much is owed to him. One would have to inquire. I urge my executors to make a thorough search in this regard. They will find here the expression of my gratitude for the service rendered to the memory of my beloved son.

Carried out on 3rd November 1870
C. AUPICK widow in first marriage to J. François BAUDELAIRE and in second marriage to General AUPICK.


Press review

Original signatures present in the RITROGRAFIA no.2

Abbatucci Jacques Pierre,  About Edmond, Achard Amedee, Amaury Duval, Arago Francois, Asselineau Charles, Aupick Jacques, Babou Hippolyte, Banville De Theodore, Barres Maurice, Barthou Louis, Bartolini Lorenzo, Baschet Armand, Bataille Charles, Baudelaire Caroline Puttana “Non Madre”, Baudelaire Charles Pierre, Baudelaire Joseph, Berlioz Hector, Biard Francois, Billault Adolphe, Blanche Salon des Refuses 1863, Blaze De Bury Henri, Bouffe' Hugues, Bourdin Gustave, Boyer Philoxene, Bracquemond Felix, Brunetiere Ferdinand, Buloz Francois, Cabanel Alexandre, Calonne De Alphonse, Castille Charles-Hippolyte, Chaix D'est-Ange Gustave Louis, Champfleury, Charmoy De Jose, Charpentier Gervais, Chasles Philarete, Chatillon De Auguste, Christophe Ernest, Cladel Leon, Claretie Jules, Claudin Gustave, Clesinger Auguste, Collignon Albert, Corot Jean Baptiste Camille, Cousin Charles, Crepet Eugene, Dalloz Paul, Daumier Honore, Decamps Alexandre Gabriel, Delacroix Eugene, Delaroche Paul, Delord Taxile, Delpit Albert, Dentu Edouard, Deschamps Emile, Deschamps Leon, Deschanel Emile, Desnoyers Fernand, Doucet Camille, Drumont Edouard, Du Camp Maxime, Dubufe Edouard, Duchatel Tanneguy Charles Marie, Dumas Alexandre Fils, Dumas Alexandre Pere, Dupont Pierre, Duruy Victor, Edwards Alfred, Escudier Marie, Faguet Emile, Fantin-Latour Henri, Feydeau Ernest, Fiorentino Pier Angelo, Flandrin Paul, Flaubert Gustave, Fould Achille, Fowler George, Franceschi Jules, Gaiffe Adolphe, Gautier Amand, Gautier Theophile, Gavarni Paul, Goncourt, Gourmont De Remy, Grandville Jean Ignace Isidore, Guizot Francois Pierre, Guyaux Andre, Guys Constantin, Hachette Louis, Hallays Andre, Houssaye Arsene, Hugo Victor, Lamartine De Alphonse, Lami Eugene Louis, Laprade De Victor, Leconte De Lisle, Lecurieux Jacques, Lemaitre Frederick, Lemer Julien, Lepaulle Francois, Levy Michel, Madelène De La Henry, Manet Edouard, Masson Michel, Meissonier Ernest, Mendes Catulle, Merimee Prosper, Meurice Paul, Millet Jean Francois, Molenes De Paul, Morice Charles, Morny Duc Charles, Murger Henri, Nadar, Nieuwerkerke Le Ministre Salon des Refuses 1863, Nisard Desire, Parfait Noel, Pelletan Eugene, Pelletier Jules, Perignon Alexis, Pichon Jerome Baron, Pichot Amedee, Pinard Ernest, Pontmartin De Armand, Prarond Ernest, Ratisbonne Louis, Reyer Ernest, Ricord Philippe, Robert Georges, Rodin Auguste, Roqueplan Nestor, Rosier Joseph Bernard, Rouland Gustave, Sabatier Madame D’abancourt Etienne Louis Harmand, Saint Valry De Gaston, Sainte-Beuve Charles Augustin, Saint-Felix De Jules, Saint-Victor De Pau,l Scheffer Ary, Schnetz Jean Victor, Scholl Aurelien, Scribe Eugene, Soulary Josephin, Templier Emile, Thackeray William Makepeace, Thierry Edouard, Thomas Frederic, Tisserant Hyppolite, Troubat Jules, Uchard Mario, Ulbach Louis, Vacquerie Auguste, Vaillant Marechal, Vavasseur Le Gustave, Vernet Horace, Veuillot Luis, Vigny De Alfred, Villemain Abel Francois, Vitu Auguste, Vivant Denon, Wagner Richard, Wallon Jean, Watteville Du Grabe De Oscar, Yriarte Charles, Zola Emile.











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